Types of unreliable resources.

Fake News
sources that entirely fabricate information, disseminate deceptive content, or grossly distort actual news.

Extreme Bias
sources that come from a particular point of view and may rely on propaganda, decontextualized information, and opinions distorted as facts.

Satire
sources that use humor, irony, exaggeration, ridicule, and false information to comment on current news and events.

Conspiracy Theory
sources that are well-known promoters of kooky conspiracy theories.

Rumor Mills
sources that traffic in rumors, gossip, innuendo, and unverified claims.

Clickbait
sources that provide generally credible content, but use exaggerated, misleading, or questionable headlines, social media descriptions, and/or images.

Junk Science
sources that promote pseudoscience, metaphysics, naturalistic fallacies, and other scientifically dubious claims.

State-sponsored News
sources in representative states operating under government sanction.

Hate News
sources that actively promote racism, misogyny, homophobia, and other forms of discrimination.

Proceed with caution
sources that may be reliable but whose contents require further verification.

Political
sources that provide generally verifiable information in support of certain points of view or political orientations.

Credible
sources that circulate news and information in a manner consistent with traditional and ethical practices in journalism.